The letter alif is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. It is roughly equivalent to “A” in English. However, it can be tricky in some ways. In this post, we introduce the different ways of writing alif. Adding hamza, madda, and diacritics changes the shape and sound of alif. It has different shapes depending on where it is in the word. Also, when preceded by laam, it takes a different shape. Another letter with the same sound, but a different shape, as alif is called alif layyena, and it comes at the end of the word.
The letter alif takes different shapes and sounds, when adding hamza and madda, as well as kasra or damma